desjatin

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Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Swedish transcription of the plural form of Russian десяти́на (desjatína), based on деся́тый (one-tenth) and де́сять (ten). It is called one-tenth because it was originally 1/10 of a verst squared. However, in 1753 it was regulated that one desyatina was 2400 square са́жень (sáženʹ), са́же́нь (sážénʹ, fathom) or 1.0925 hectares. Since 1 verst = 1066.8 metres and 1 sazhen = 1/500 of a verst = 2.1336 metres, this makes the desyatina = 0.96 × the square of 1/10 verst.

Noun[edit]

desjatin c

  1. a desyatina, an old (non-metric) Russian measure of land, 1.0925 hectares
    Genomsnittsavkastningen på en desjatin godsägarjord uppgick om den var utarrenderad till bönder, till 45 pud.
    The average yield for one desyatina farm land, if leased to farmers, was 45 pud.
    Där styckades de 12,000 desjatiner, som tillhörde svenskarna, mellan de fyra byarna.
    There the 12,000 desyatinas, which belonged to the Swedes, were divided among the four villages.

Declension[edit]

Declension of desjatin 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative desjatin desjatinen desjatiner desjatinerna
Genitive desjatins desjatinens desjatiners desjatinernas

References[edit]

  • desjatin in Carl Magnus Ekbohrn, Förklaringar över 100,000 främmande ord och namn m.m. (1936)
  • desjatin in Främmande ord i svenska språket. Folkets uppslagsbok (1927)