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Perfect passive participle of fodiō (dig; pierce; goad).


fossus m (feminine fossa, neuter fossum); first/second declension

  1. Dug up, out or around, buried, mined, quarried, having been dug, buried, mined or quarried.
  2. Pricked, prodded, pierced, stabbed, wounded, having been pricked, prodded, pierced, stabbed or wounded.
  3. Goaded, stung, disturbed, having been goaded, stung or disturbed.


First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative fossus fossa fossum fossī fossae fossa
genitive fossī fossae fossī fossōrum fossārum fossōrum
dative fossō fossō fossīs
accusative fossum fossam fossum fossōs fossās fossa
ablative fossō fossā fossō fossīs
vocative fosse fossa fossum fossī fossae fossa


  • fossus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • fossus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “fossus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • fossus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)