melg

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Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *melgos, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂melǵ- (milk).[1] See also the related verb mligid.

Noun[edit]

melg n (genitive milge)

  1. (rare) milk
    • c. 810, Florence Glosses on Philargyrus, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, p. 48, 20b
      bo-milge
      of cow-milk (glosses Latin sinum lactis .i. genus vasis)
    Synonym: lacht

Usage notes[edit]

This term was already falling out of use in the Old Irish period, being only attested in explanatory glosses.

Inflection[edit]

Neuter s-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative melgN
Vocative melgN
Accusative melgN
Genitive milgeL
Dative milgL
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
melg
also mmelg after a proclitic
melg
pronounced with /ṽ(ʲ)-/
unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ranko Matasović (2009), “*melgos-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic[1] (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 263

Further reading[edit]