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Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


Reduced form of Latin navigāre, present active infinitive of navigō. Compare also noer (to swim).



  1. (of a boat) to sail; to cross water
    • circa 1120, Philippe de Taon, Bestiaire, line 674:
      E l'aneme est notuner, e la nef cors que dait nager
  2. to sail (to guide a watercraft)
  3. (of a person) to swim


This verb conjugates as a first-group verb ending in -ier, with a palatal stem. These verbs are conjugated mostly like verbs in -er, but there is an extra i before the e of some endings. In the present tense an extra supporting e is needed in the first-person singular indicative and throughout the singular subjunctive, and the third-person singular subjunctive ending -t is lost. In addition, g becomes j before an a or an o to keep the /dʒ/ sound intact. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.