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From Ancient Greek φαρέτρα (pharétra, quiver) possibly from φέρω (phérō). Confer with φέρετρον (phéretron).



pharetra f (genitive pharetrae); first declension

  1. a quiver
  2. (by extension) a kind of sundial in the form of a quiver

Usage notes[edit]

  • In ordinary Classical Latin pronunciation, when tr co-occur intervocalically at a syllabic boundary (denoted in pronunciatory transcriptions by <.>), both consonants are considered to belong to the latter syllable; if the former syllable contains only a short vowel (and not a long vowel or a diphthong), then it is a light syllable. Where the two syllables under consideration are a word's penult and antepenult, this has a bearing on stress, because a word whose penult is a heavy syllable is stressed on that syllable, whereas one whose penult is a light syllable is stressed on the antepenult instead. In poetic usage, where syllabic weight and stress are important for metrical reasons, writers sometimes regard the t in such a sequence as belonging to the former syllable; in this case, doing so alters the word's stress. For more words whose stress can be varied poetically, see their category.


First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative pharetra pharetrae
genitive pharetrae pharetrārum
dative pharetrae pharetrīs
accusative pharetram pharetrās
ablative pharetrā pharetrīs
vocative pharetra pharetrae


Derived terms[edit]



  • pharetra in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pharetra in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “pharetra”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • pharetra in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • pharetra in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pharetra in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin