pharetra

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek φαρέτρα (pharétra, quiver) possibly from φέρω (phérō). Confer with φέρετρον (phéretron).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pharetra f (genitive pharetrae); first declension

  1. a quiver
  2. (by extension) a kind of sundial in the form of a quiver

Usage notes[edit]

  • In ordinary Classical Latin pronunciation, when tr co-occur intervocalically at a syllabic boundary (denoted in pronunciatory transcriptions by <.>), both consonants are considered to belong to the latter syllable; if the former syllable contains only a short vowel (and not a long vowel or a diphthong), then it is a light syllable. Where the two syllables under consideration are a word's penult and antepenult, this has a bearing on stress, because a word whose penult is a heavy syllable is stressed on that syllable, whereas one whose penult is a light syllable is stressed on the antepenult instead. In poetic usage, where syllabic weight and stress are important for metrical reasons, writers sometimes regard the t in such a sequence as belonging to the former syllable; in this case, doing so alters the word's stress. For more words whose stress can be varied poetically, see their category.

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative pharetra pharetrae
genitive pharetrae pharetrārum
dative pharetrae pharetrīs
accusative pharetram pharetrās
ablative pharetrā pharetrīs
vocative pharetra pharetrae

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • pharetra in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pharetra in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “pharetra”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • pharetra” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • pharetra in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pharetra in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin