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From Ancient Greek φαρέτρα (pharétra, quiver) possibly from φέρω (phérō). Confer with φέρετρον (phéretron).



pharetra f (genitive pharetrae); first declension

  1. a quiver
  2. (by extension) a kind of sundial in the form of a quiver

Usage notes[edit]

  • In ordinary Classical Latin pronunciation, when the cluster tr occurs intervocalically at a syllabic boundary (denoted in pronunciatory transcriptions by ⟨.⟩), both consonants are considered to belong to the latter syllable; if the former syllable contains only a short vowel (and not a long vowel or a diphthong), then it is a light syllable. Where the two syllables under consideration are a word's penult and antepenult, this has a bearing on stress, because a word whose penult is a heavy syllable is stressed on that syllable, whereas one whose penult is a light syllable is stressed on the antepenult instead. In poetic usage, where syllabic weight and stress are important for metrical reasons, writers sometimes regard the t in such a sequence as belonging to the former syllable; in this case, doing so alters the word's stress. For more words whose stress can be varied poetically, see their category.


First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pharetra pharetrae
Genitive pharetrae pharetrārum
Dative pharetrae pharetrīs
Accusative pharetram pharetrās
Ablative pharetrā pharetrīs
Vocative pharetra pharetrae


Derived terms[edit]


  • Italian: faretra
  • Romanian: faretră


  • pharetra in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pharetra in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pharetra in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • pharetra in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • pharetra in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pharetra in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin