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Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


From Vulgar Latin tremulāre, present active infinitive of tremulō, a derivate of Classical Latin tremere, present active infinitive of tremō; cf. tremulus.



  1. to tremble
    • circa 1250, Rustebuef, L'Ave Marie Rustebuef:
      Au Jugement,
      Quant il fera si aigrement
      Tout le monde communement
      Trambler come fueille,
      On the day of Judgment
      When he will bitterly
      Make everyone
      Tremble like a leaf


This verb conjugates as a first-group verb ending in -er. In the present tense an extra supporting e is needed in the first-person singular indicative and throughout the singular subjunctive, and the third-person singular subjunctive ending -t is lost. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.