κλείς

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kleh₂us (nail, pin, hook - instruments, of old use for locking doors). Cognate with Latin clāvus (nail, pin) and Old Church Slavonic ключь (ključĭ, key).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

κλείς (kleis) (genitive κλειδός) f, third declension

  1. Something used to lock/unlock: key, bolt, bar
  2. A means to something: key
  3. The hook of a clasp
  4. collarbone
  5. The rowing bench of a ship (always in plural)
  6. A narrow strait or pass

Inflection[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

There also exist the contracted forms κλεῖν (accusative singular) & κλεῖς (nominative & accusative plural).

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]