ξίφος

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Ancient Greek[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Already in Late Mycenaean Greek (Ta-716 from Pylos), attested in the dual 𐀥𐀯𐀟𐀁 (qi-si-pe-e, two swords) (mostly ideographically as 𐃉 (𐃉)). Probably of non-Greek origin, probably also reflected in Egyptian sf.t "sword". Perhaps from an Old Semitic saif or sef (Dümichen 1867), or from a Libyan or "Sea Peoples" word (Myres 1930).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ξίφος (ksíphos) (genitive ξίφους) n, third declension

  1. sword, the short, straight, double-edged sword of the Iron Age and Classical Antiquity.
    1. the sword-shaped bone of the cuttlefish
      1. swordfish
    2. a type of plant (compare ξιφίον (ksiphíon)

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • A. Heubeck, 'Mykenisch *qi-si-po- = ξίφος', Minos 6 (1958), 114–116.
  • Johannes Dümichen, Historische Inschriften altägyptischer Denkmäler vol. 1, Leipzig (1867), 26-27.
  • John Linton Myres, Who were the Greeks?, University of California Press, 1930, p. 590

Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Ancient Greek s-stem ξίφος (ksíphos).

Noun[edit]

ξίφος (xífosn

  1. sword

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]