σοφίζω

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From σοφός (sophós, skilled, wise) +‎ -ίζω (-ízō)

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

σοφίζω (sophízō)

  1. I make wise, instruct
    • New Testament, Second Epistle to Timothy 3.15
      τὰ δυνάμενά σε σοφίσαι εἰς σωτηρίαν διὰ πίστεως
      which are able to make you wise for salvation through faith
    1. (passive) I become wise, clever, skilled
      • 750 BCE – 650 BCE, Hesiod, Works and Days 649
        οὔτε τι ναυτιλίης σεσοφισμένος οὔτε τι νηῶν
        though I have no skill in sea-faring nor in ships
      • 430 BCE – 354 BCE, Xenophon, Cynegeticus 13.6
        ὅτι ἐν τοῖς ὀνόμασι σοφίζονται, οὐκ ἐν τοῖς νοήμασιν
        because they profess wisdom of words and not of thoughts
    2. (middle) I teach myself, learn
  2. (middle) I practice an art; I am subtle; I speculate
    • 405 BCE, Euripides, The Bacchae 200
      οὐδὲν σοφιζόμεσθα τοῖσι δαίμοσιν.
      We use no subtleties in dealing with the gods.
    • 428 BCE – 347 BCE, Plato, The Statesman 299.b
      καὶ σοφιζόμενος ὁτιοῦν περὶ τὰ τοιαῦτα
      or to be indulging in any speculation whatsoever on such matters
    1. (with accusative) I devise skillfully
      • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 8.27
        ὁ Τελλίης οὗτος σοφίζεται αὐτοῖσι τοιόνδε.
        Tellias devised a stratagem for them:
      • 409 BCE, Sophocles, Philoctetes 77
        ἀλλ᾽ αὐτὸ τοῦτο δεῖ σοφισθῆναι
        this is the very thing one must gain by craft
    2. (with accusative of person) I deceive

Inflection[edit]


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]