անձն

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Proto-Indo-European *h₂enh₁-ǵʰ-, from *h₂enh₁-, *h₂en(h₁)- (to breathe); cognate with Old Norse angi (smell, scent) and perhaps Oscan [script?] (aftiím, soul). Compare also Ancient Greek ἄνεμος (ánemos, wind, breeze), Latin animus, anima, Old Frisian omma (breath), Sanskrit अनिल (ánila, air, wind), and Tocharian B āñme.

Noun[edit]

անձն (anjn

  1. person
    անձամբanjamb ― personally
    անձամբ անձինanjamb anjin ― by one's self, personally
    զանձամբ դառնալzanjamb daṙnal ― to turn back
    զանձամբ արկանելzanjamb arkanel ― to put on
    յանձին բերելyanjin berel ― to imitate
    յանձին ունելyanjin unel ― to accept, to approve
    չառնուլ յանձնčʿaṙnul yanjn ― to refuse, to deny
    յանձն առնելyanjn aṙnel ― to recommend, to confide
    յանձն լինելyanjn linel ― to commend one's self, to have confidence in, to confide in, to be committed
  2. soul; mind; heart
    երդնում յանձն իմ, թէ այդ այդպէս էerdnum yanjn im, tʿē ayd aydpēs ē ― on my soul, it is so
    անձին առնելanjin aṙnel ― to commit suicide
    զգաստանալ յանձինzgastanal yanjin ― to revive, to recover one's senses
  3. -self: myself, thyself, himself
    սիրէ նա զանձն իւրsirē na zanjn iwr ― he loves himself
    վասն անձին եւեթ տամ պատասխանիvasn anjin ewetʿ tam patasxani ― I only answer for myself
    փոյթ ունի նա վասն անձինpʿoytʿ uni na vasn anjin ― he takes care of himself
    ձեռն յանձին հարկանելjeṙn yanjin harkanel ― to boast of, to flatter one's self, to prick one's self

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

This noun may be used in a reflexive role: սիրէ նա զանձն իւրsirē na zanjn iwr ― he loves himself.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • անձն in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • անձն in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • անձն in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • “anjn” in Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 93