թանամ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *tā- (to melt, to dissolve). Cognates include Sanskrit तोयम् (toyam, water), Ossetian тайын (tajyn, to melt), Ancient Greek τήκω (tḗkō, to melt), Latin tabeo (to melt), Russian таять (tajatʹ), тина (tina) and Old English þawian (English thaw). Related to թան (tʿan), թանչ (tʿančʿ), թօն (tʿōn) and թանաք (tʿanakʿ).

Verb[edit]

թանամ (tʿanam)  (aorist indicative թացի)

  1. (transitive) to wet, to bathe, to dip, to drench, to soak; to moisten, to bedew, to water
    թանալ զանկողին իւր արտասուօքtʿanal zankołin iwr artasuōkʿ ― to bathe one's pillow with tears
    արտասուօք թանալ զոտս ուրուքartasuōkʿ tʿanal zots urukʿ ― to bathe the feet with one's tears
    թանալ զսուր ի պարանոց ուրուքtʿanal zsur i paranocʿ urukʿ ― to cut the throat, to massacre
    թանալ յարիւնս բազմացtʿanal yariwns bazmacʿ ― to butcher, to slaughter, to shed much blood, to swim in blood
    թանալ ի գինիtʿanal i gini ― to soak, to steep in wine
    գնացին առանց թանալոյ ի վերայ ծովունgnacʿin aṙancʿ tʿanaloy i veray covun ― they passed the sea dry-shod
  2. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to become wet

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • թանամ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • թանամ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • թանալ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University