մօրուք

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Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The original spelling is մաւրուք (mawrukʿ), from Proto-Indo-European *smoḱru-, +‎ (-kʿ). Cognate with Sanskrit श्मश्रु (śmáśru, beard), Lithuanian smãkras (chin), Albanian mjekër, Hittite [script needed] (zama(n)kur, beard), Irish smech (chin). The Middle Armenian by-form միրուք (mirukʿ) is old and may represent the e-grade *smeḱru-.

Noun[edit]

մօրուք (mōrukʿpl 

  1. beard
    աղեբէկ մօրուքałebēk mōrukʿ ― gray-beard
    տգեղ, թաւ, անյարդար մօրուքtgeł, tʿaw, anyardar mōrukʿ ― a sorry, thick, uncouth or neglected beard
    մօրուօք դալարանալ ծնօտիցնmōruōkʿ dalaranal cnōticʿn ― to have the face covered with down, or soft hair
    մօրուս արձակելmōrus arjakel ― to grow a beard
    օր սափրելոյ զմօրուսōr sapʿreloy zmōrus ― shaving-day
    սափրել զմօրուս իւրsapʿrel zmōrus iwr ― to shave oneself; to get shaved
    ածելել զմօրուս ուրուքacelel zmōrus urukʿ ― to shave any one, to trim
    աճեցուցանել զմօրուսačecʿucʿanel zmōrus ― to let one's beard grow
    ծաղկին մօրուք նորաcałkin mōrukʿ nora ― his beard begins to grow

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • մօրուք in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • մօրուք in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • մօրուք in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 454