חזק

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Hebrew[edit]

Adjective[edit]

חָזָק (chazákm sg indef. (f sg indef. חֲזָקָה, m pl indef. חֲזָקִים, f pl indef. חֲזָקוֹת)

  1. (of a person or the like) Strong (capable of producing much physical force).
    • Joshua 14:11, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      עוֹדֶנִּי הַיּוֹם חָזָק כַּאֲשֶׁר בְּיוֹם שְׁלֹחַ אוֹתִי מֹשֶׁה כְּכֹחִי אָז וּכְכֹחִי עָתָּה לַמִּלְחָמָה וְלָצֵאת וְלָבוֹא
      odéni hayóm chazák kaashér b'yóm sh'lóach otí moshé k'chóchi áz uch'chóchi áta lamilchamá v'latsét v'lavó
      As yet I am as strong this day as I was in the day that Moses sent me; as my strength was then, even so is my strength now, for war, and to go out and to come in.
  2. (of a structure or the like) Strong (capable of withstanding much physical force).
  3. (of a current, a blow, or the like) Strong (having much force).
    • Exodus 10:19, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      וַיַּהֲפֹךְ יהוה רוּחַ־יָם חָזָק מְאֹד
      vayahafóch YHVH ruach-yám chazák m'ód
      And the LORD turned an exceeding strong west wind
  4. Strong (having a high concentration of an essential or active ingredient).
  5. (of a sound) Loud.
    • Exodus 19:16, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      וַיְהִי קֹלֹת וּבְרָקִים וְעָנָן כָּבֵד עַל־הָהָר וְקֹל שֹׁפָר חָזָק מְאֹד
      vay'hí kolót uv'rakím v'anán kavéd al-hahár v'kól shofár chazák m'ód
      that there were thunders and lightnings and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of a horn exceeding loud

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

חָזַק (chazák) (pa'ál construction)

  1. (He/it) was strong (clarification of this Hebrew definition is being sought).
    • 1 Kings 2:2, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      וְחָזַקְתָּ וְהָיִיתָ לְאִישׁ
      v'chazaktá v'hayíta l'ísh
      be thou strong therefore, and show thyself a man
    • Genesis 47:20, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      כִּי־חָזַק עֲלֵהֶם הָרָעָב
      ki-chazák alehém haraáv
      because the famine was sore upon them
  2. (חֲזַק, chazák) masculine singular imperative of חָזַק
    • Deuteronomy 12:23, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      רַק חֲזַק לְבִלְתִּי אֲכֹל הַדָּם
      rák chazák l'viltí achól hadám
      Only be stedfast in not eating the blood
  3. (חָזֵק, chazék) masculine singular present participle and present tense of חָזַק
    • Exodus 19:19:
      וַיְהִי קוֹל הַשֹּׁפָר הוֹלֵךְ וְחָזֵק מְאֹד
      vay'hí kól hashofár holéch v'chazék m'od
    • 2 Samuel 3:1:
      וַתְּהִי הַמִּלְחָמָה אֲרֻכָּה בֵּין בֵּית שָׁאוּל וּבֵין בֵּית דָּוִד וְדָוִד הֹלֵךְ וְחָזֵק
      vat'hi hamilchamá aruká bén bét shaúl uvén bét davíd v'davíd holéch v'chazék

Verb[edit]

חִזַּק (chizák) (pi'él construction)

  1. (He/it) strengthened (clarification of this Hebrew definition is being sought).
    • Hosea 7:15, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      וַאֲנִי יִסַּרְתִּי חִזַּקְתִּי זְרוֹעֹתָם
      vaaní yisárti chizákti z'rootám
      Though I have trained and strengthened their arms
  2. (חַזֵּק, chazék) bare infinitive (infinitive construct or gerund) of חִזַּק
    • 2 Kings 12:9, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      וּלְבִלְתִּי חַזֵּק אֶת־בֶּדֶק הַבָּיִת
      ul'viltí chazék et-bédek habáyit
      neither repair the breaches of the house
  3. (חַזֵּק, chazék) masculine singular imperative of חִזַּק
    • Nehemiah 6:9, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      וְעַתָּה חַזֵּק אֶת־יָדָי
      v'atá chazék et-yadáy
      But now, strengthen Thou my hands.

Alternative forms[edit]