שנה

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *šan-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

שָׁנָה (shanáf (dual indefinite form שנתיים \ שְׁנָתַיִם, plural indefinite form שָׁנִים, singular construct form שְׁנַת־, dual construct form שְׁנָתֵי־, plural construct form שְׁנוֹת־)

  1. A year: the time period representing one revolution of the Earth around the Sun.
    אורכה של שנה הוא כשתים עשרה חודשים. — The length of a year is twelve months.
  2. (astronomy) A year: the corresponding time period for a different planet.
Usage notes[edit]
  • In addition to the plural construct form שְׁנוֹת־ (sh'nót-) given above, the form שְׁנֵי־ (sh'néi-) is attested as well.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root שׁ־נ־ה (sh-n-).

Verb[edit]

שָׁנָה (shaná) (pa'ál construction)

  1. To repeat: to do something an additional time.

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

שֵׁנָה (sheináf (plural indefinite form שֵׁנוֹת, singular construct form שְׁנַת־, plural construct form שְׁנוֹת־)

  1. Defective spelling of שינה.