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Classical Syriac[edit]


Compare Arabic حَمْو (ḥamw) and Hebrew חָם (ḥām).



ܚܡܐ (transliteration neededm (plural ܚܡܗܐ, singular feminine counterpart ܚܡܬܐ)

  1. father-in-law
  2. (in the plural) relatives, family

Usage notes[edit]

The word ܚܡܐ is one of only three nouns in the entire language that have an irregular possessive stem ending in the letter Waw; the other two being ܐܒܐ (ʾaḇāʾ, father) and ܐܚܐ (ʾaḥḥāʾ, brother).


  • "xm" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, p. 108a
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, p. 145b
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, p. 461b