ܚܡܘܪܬܐ

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Classical Syriac[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ܚ-ܡ-ܪ (IPA(key): /ħ-m-r/) related to being joined, possibly metathesized from Middle Iranian *muhr-. Compare Middle Persian muhr, muhrag[script needed] and Persian مهره (muhra).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ħ(ə)murtɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ħumre(ʔ)], [ħumrɑθɑ(ʔ)], [ħumr(ə)jɑθɑ(ʔ)] (plural)

Noun[edit]

ܚܡܘܪܬܐ (transliteration neededf (plural ܚܘܡܪܝܬܐ or ܚܘܡܪܬܐ or ܚܘܡܪܐ)

  1. globule, any round object
  2. wheel
  3. bead, gem
  4. amulet
  5. (anatomy) joint, vertebra
  6. (architecture) socket, base (of a column)
  7. node
  8. berry

Inflection[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The plural ܚܘܡܪܝܬܐ (ḥūmr(ə)yāṯā(ʾ)) is used for the sense of "amulet" while the plurals ܚܘܡܪܐ (ḥūmre(ʾ)) and ܚܘܡܪܬܐ (ḥūmrāṯā(ʾ)) are used for other senses.

References[edit]

  • "xmwrh" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, p. 109a
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, pp. 132a, 146a
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, p. 462a