ἄλγος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps from ἀλέγω (alegō, I heed, trouble myself), but there are semantic difficulties.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ἄλγος (algos) (genitive ἄλγεος, ἄλγους) n, third declension

  1. pain (of either mind or body), sorrow, trouble, grief, distress, woe
    • Ὅμηρος, Ἰλιάς, I, 1-2
      Μῆνιν ἄειδε, θεά, Πηληιάδεω Ἀχιλῆος οὐλομένην, ἣ μυρί’ Ἀχαιοῖς ἄλγε’ ἔθηκε.
      Sing, O goddess, the rage of Achilles son of Peleus, that brought countless ills upon the Achaeans. (Iliad I, 1-2)
  2. that which causes pain

Inflection[edit]

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