ἄνθρωπος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Scholars used to consider it to be a compound from ἀνήρ (anēr, man) + ὤψ (ōps, face, appearance, look) = "he who looks like a man". However, Beekes[1] does not accept this etymology. Romain Garnier proposed another etymology in his 2007 article « Nouvelles réflexions étymologiques autour du grec ἄνθρωπος »[2], deriving it from Proto-Indo-European *n̥dʰreh₃kʷó- (that which is below), hence "earthly, human".

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ἄνθρωπος (anthrōpos) (genitive ἀνθρώπου) m, second declension

  1. man
  2. human being

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

ἄνθρωπος (anthrōpos) (genitive ἀνθρώπου) f, second declension

  1. (derogatory) woman

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Bulletin de la Société de Linguistique de Paris 102/1, 2007, 131—154. http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00411834/fr/
  • LSJ
  • Bauer lexicon
  • Strong’s concordance number: G444
  • Encyclopedia Papyrus-Larousse
  • J.B.Hofmann, Ετυμολογικόν Λεξικόν της Αρχαίας Ελληνικής (Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Griechischen)
  • Plato Crat. 399 C