slave

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See also: slāve, slavē, slāvē, and Slave

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, from Old French sclave, from Medieval Latin sclāvus (slave), from Sclāvus (Slav), because Slavs were often forced into slavery in the Middle Ages.[2][3][4][1] Compare Byzantine Greek σκλάβος. From Old Church Slavonic словенинъ (sloveninŭ), from слово (slovo), meaning “word”, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱléwos (fame), from the Proto-Indo-European root *ḱlew- +‎ *-os, meaning "to hear". The word may also be derived from Latin servus (servant), which was in use before Middle Ages. [5].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

slave (plural slaves)

  1. A person who is the property of another person and whose labor and also whose life often is subject to the owner's volition.
  2. A person who is legally obliged by prior contract (oral or written) to work for another, with contractually limited rights to bargain; an indentured servant.
  3. One who has lost the power of resistance; one who surrenders to something.
    a slave to passion, to strong drink, or to ambition
  4. A drudge; one who labours like a slave.
  5. An abject person; a wretch.
    Art thou the slave that with thy breath hast kill'd/ Mine innocent child? Shakespeare. Much Ado About Nothing.
  6. A person who is forced against his/her will to perform, for another person or other persons, sexual acts or other personal services on a regular or continuing basis.
  7. (engineering) A device that is controlled by another device.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

slave (third-person singular simple present slaves, present participle slaving, simple past and past participle slaved)

  1. (intransitive) To work hard.
    I was slaving all day over a hot stove.
  2. (transitive) To enslave.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Marston to this entry?)
  3. (transitive) To place a device under the control of another.
    to slave a hard disk
    • 2005, Simon Millward, Fast Guide to Cubase SX (page 403)
      Slaving one digital audio device to another unit using timecode alone results in time-based synchronisation []

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 slave, n.1 (and a.)” listed in the Oxford English Dictionary, second edition, 1989
  2. ^ slave” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, v1.0.1, Lexico Publishing Group, 2006.
  3. ^ slave” in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Online
  4. ^ slave” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).
  5. ^ [1]”Economic Structures of Antiquity

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

slave c (singular definite slaven, plural indefinite slaver)

  1. slave

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Inflection[edit]

Verb[edit]

slave (imperative slav, infinitive at slave, present tense slaver, past tense slavede, past participle har slavet)

  1. slave

Synonyms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French Sclave ("Slav"), from Medieval Latin sclavus or Sclavus, from Byzantine Greek Σκλάβος (Sklábos).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

slave (masculine and feminine, plural slaves)

  1. Slav, Slavic
    Les langues slaves.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

slave m (uncountable)

  1. Slavic language
    Avant le IXe siècle, on présume que les Slaves partageaient tous une langue à peu près identique appelée le slave commun, mais aucun écrit avant 860 ne peut le prouver.

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Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

slave f

  1. plural form of slavo

Noun[edit]

slave f

  1. plural form of slavo

Anagrams[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Noun[edit]

slave f (5th declension)

  1. (dialectal) fame, glory; Alternative form of slava

Declension[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Noun[edit]

slave m (definite singular slaven, indefinite plural slaver, definite plural slavene)

  1. a slave

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Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

slave m (definite singular slaven, indefinite plural slavar, definite plural slavane)

  1. a slave

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