Slav

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English sclave, from Medieval Latin sclavus or Sclavus, from Byzantine Greek Σκλάβος (Sklábos), from earlier Σκλαβῆνος (Sklabēnos), plural Σκλαβῆνοι (Sklabēnoi), from Proto-Slavic *slověnji, *slověne (those who speak meaningfully), singular *slověninъ. Compare Old Church Slavonic словѣни (slověni), словѣнє (slověne, Thessalonian Slavs), Old East Slavic словѣне (slověne, Slavs near Novgorod).

Commonly thought to derive from Proto-Slavic *slovo (word), thus meaning "those who speak meaningfully" and contrasting with *němьcь (foreigner, literally dumb/mute person). However, that word is an s-stem and thus the inflectional stem of that word is *sloves-, so it cannot be the direct origin as it would lead to an expected form *slovesěni (compare Russian словесность (slovesnost')). Thus the most likely origin is the verb *sluti (to be known).[1] Both words ultimately derive from Proto-Indo-European *ḱlew- (fame).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Slav (plural Slavs)

People from these countries are usually considered Slavs.
  1. A member of any of the peoples from Eastern Europe who speak the Slavic languages.
  2. (UK, birdwatching) The Slavonian grebe.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ John P. Maher (Chicago), "The Etymology of Common Slavic slověne 'Slavs'", (in:) Balkansko Ezikoznanie XIV, 2, p. 31–36, Sofia 1970