ܥܒܕܐ

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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ܥ-ܒ-ܕ (IPA(key): /ʕ-b-d/) related to working, from Proto-Semitic *ʿabd-. Compare Arabic عَبْد (ʿabd) and Hebrew עֶבֶד (ʿéḇeḏ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ʕavdɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʕavde(ʔ)] (plural)

Noun[edit]

ܥܒܕܐ m (plural ܥܒܕܐ ; singular feminine counterpart ܐܡܬܐ)

  1. servant, slave, bondsman
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ܥ-ܒ-ܕ (IPA(key): /ʕ-b-d/) related to working, from Proto-Semitic *ʿabd-. Compare Arabic عِبَاد (ʿibād) and Hebrew עִבּוּד (ʿibbûḏ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ʕ(ə)vɑðɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʕ(ə)vɑðe(ʔ)] (plural)

Noun[edit]

ܥܒܕܐ m (plural ܥܒܕܐ)

  1. labour/labor, work, toil, exertion
  2. making, forming, building, creating
  3. construction, creation
  4. deed, action, operation, production
  5. preparation
  6. employment, occupation, business
  7. substance, thing, affair
  8. creature
  9. wealth, estate, possessions, goods
  10. baggage, cargo
  11. (grammar) predicate; active voice
  12. administration
  13. office, function
  14. province
  15. reality
Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  • "(bd"' in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, p. 241b
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, p. 397a-b
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, p. 1060a-b