servus

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Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The greeting evolved by the commoners greeting their lords with the words servus humillimus, Domine spectabilis, meaning your humble servant, my noble Lord. No subservience is implied in its modern use.

Interjection[edit]

servus, rarely serbus

(obsolescent, informal)

  1. hi, hiya
  2. cheerio, bye, so long, ta-ta

Esperanto[edit]

Verb[edit]

servus

  1. conditional of servi

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The greeting evolved from the commoners’ greeting (said to lords) servus humillimus (Domine spectabilis), meaning your most humble servant, my noble Lord. No subservience is implied in modern use.

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

servus

  1. hello, hi
  2. goodbye, bye
  3. (toast) cheers

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ser-u-o (guardian). Cognate with Avestan [script?] (haraiti, he heeds, protects).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

servus m (genitive servī); second declension

  1. a servant
  2. a serf
  3. a slave

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative servus servī
genitive servī servōrum
dative servō servīs
accusative servum servōs
ablative servō servīs
vocative serve servī

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

Adjective[edit]

servus m (feminine serva, neuter servum); first/second declension

  1. slavish, servile
  2. (of lands, buildings) subject or liable to servitude

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case \ Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative servus serva servum servī servae serva
genitive servī servae servī servōrum servārum servōrum
dative servō servae servō servīs servīs servīs
accusative servum servam servum servōs servās serva
ablative servō servā servō servīs servīs servīs
vocative serve serva servum servī servae serva

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers

Romanian[edit]

Interjection[edit]

servus

  1. (informal, in Transylvania and Northern Moldova) see you (later)!

Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The greeting evolved by the commoners greeting their lords with the words servus humillimus, Domine spectabilis, meaning your humble servant, my noble Lord. No subservience is implied in its modern use.

Interjection[edit]

servus

  1. hello
  2. hi
  3. howdy