moin

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See also: móin, môin, and möin

German[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

The etymology isn't clear.

  • It stems possibly from Low German moi, moie, moien, meaning 'nice', 'bright' or 'shiny', from Middle Low German, thus meaning would be '(have a) good one'. This would explain the pronunciation with /ŋ/ in some areas, which would stem from regular inflection of Low German moi.
  • It is also possible that this word is a borrowing from a Frisian language, which would explain the vowel squence /ɔːɪ/, which does not naturally occur in almost every Low German dialect.
  • Further, many sources say that the word comes from the Berlin area, representing the local pronunciation of morgen (morning): [mɔɐ̯jɘn].[1][2] The pronunciation would come either from local Low German (where the word was pronounced [mɔrʝɘn]) and then have undergone r-vocalisation, or from early modern Upper Saxonian (/mɔˤjən/ or something similar), which is the German dialect that initially replaced Low German in Berlin. The word was understood as 'moin' by the rhotic dialects surrounding the city and spread north from them.
  • Should this word be a Frisian or Berlinian borrowing, it is likely that it was later conflated with the Low German word moi (/moːɪ/).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • moin moin (might be perceived as foreign or artificial in some regions, e.g. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern)

Interjection[edit]

moin

  1. (colloquial, Northern Germany) hi

References[edit]

  1. ^ Br. v. Braunthal, Berliner Conversation, in den Akademiesälen, Berliner Conversations-Blatt für Poesie, Literatur und Kritik, 1828
  2. ^ Willy Lademann: Wörterbuch der Teltower Volkssprache (Telschet Wöderbuek), Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 1956

German Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The etymology isn't clear.

  • It stems possibly from Low German moi, moie, moien, meaning 'nice', 'bright' or 'shiny', from Middle Low German, thus meaning would be '(have a) good one'. This would explain the pronunciation with /ŋ/ in some areas, which would stem from regular inflection of Low German moi.
  • It is also possible that this word is a borrowing from a Frisian language, which would explain the vowel squence /ɔːɪ/, which does not naturally occur in almost every Low German dialect.
  • Further, many sources say that the word comes from the Berlin area, representing the local pronunciation of morgen (morning): [mɔɐ̯jɘn].[1][2] The pronunciation would come either from local Low German (where the word was pronounced [mɔrʝɘn]) and then have undergone r-vocalisation, or from early modern Upper Saxonian (/mɔˤjən/ or something similar), which is the German dialect that initially replaced Low German in Berlin. The word was understood as 'moin' by the rhotic dialects surrounding the city and spread north from them.
  • Should this word be a Frisian or Berlinian borrowing, it is likely that it was later conflated with the Low German word moi (/moːɪ/).

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

moin

  1. Eye dialect spelling of moi. (several inflections)
  2. (informal) hi

References[edit]

  1. ^ Br. v. Braunthal, Berliner Conversation, in den Akademiesälen, Berliner Conversations-Blatt für Poesie, Literatur und Kritik, 1828
  2. ^ Willy Lademann: Wörterbuch der Teltower Volkssprache (Telschet Wöderbuek), Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 1956