ἰχθύς

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰu-[1], compare Old Armenian ձուկն (jukn) and Lithuanian žuvis. This may be disputed however in light of Hebrew דָּג (dag) and Ugaritic [script?] (dagu), [script?] (dg), both meaning 'fish', suggesting instead a borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ἰχθύς (ikhthús) (genitive ἰχθύος) m, third declension

  1. fish
  2. (figuratively) stupid person
  3. (plural) fish market

Inflection[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Alternative inflected forms exist such as ἰχθῦς (ikhthûs) as nominative singular or plural, and ἰχθύας (ikhthúas) as accusative plural.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Julius Pokorny, Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, 1959