ὀπός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *ὁπός (*hopós), which underwent Ionic psilosis. From Proto-Indo-European *sokʷos (juice, resin). Cognate with Russian сок (sok).

Noun[edit]

ὀπός (opós) (genitive ὀποῦ) m, second declension

  1. juice, vegetable/plant juice
  2. (in particular) fig-juice (which can be used as rennet)
    • Iliad, 5.902–904:
      ὡς δ᾽ ὅτ᾽ ὀπὸς γάλα λευκὸν ἐπειγόμενος συνέπηξεν
      ὑγρὸν ἐόν, μάλα δ᾽ ὦκα περιτρέφεται κυκόωντι,
      ὣς ἄρα καρπαλίμως ἰήσατο θοῦρον Ἄρηα.
      Robert Fagles’ translation (1990):
      Quickly as fig-juice, pressed into bubbly, creamy milk,
      curdles it firm for the man who churns it round,
      so quickly he healed the violent rushing Ares.

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]