いびる

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Old Japanese.[1] Cognate with 燻る (iburu, to smoke, to smolder, intransitive), and 炙る, 焙る (aburu, to roast over a flame; to warm or dry over a flame, transitive).

Originally had these meanings, which persist as less-used senses. This evolved over time to mean to tease, to torment, to give someone a hard time. Compare use of English to roast in the senses of to admonish severely or to criticize severely.

For unknown reasons, this verb is never spelled with kanji.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

いびる (transitive, godan conjugation, romaji ibiru)

  1. to tease, to torment
  2. to pester, to nag, to wheedle someone into doing something
  3. to slow-roast something
  4. to boil something

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2003, ベネッセ古語辞典 (Benesse Dictionary of Archaic Words) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Benesse, ISBN 4-8288-0442-0
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0