とか

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Case-marking particle (to) plus adverbial particle (ka)

Particle[edit]

とか (romaji toka)

  1. something like, some kind of; where the situation is unclear

Etymology 2[edit]

Parallel marking particle (to) (used to join two words together in the same way as (ya)) plus adverbial particle (ka)

Particle[edit]

とか (romaji toka)

  1. such as, and so on; used when listing something part of a larger group of similar things
  2. or something, used to avoid stating something clearly and add vagueness

Usage notes[edit]

This is not a true particle but is a compound of two particles which is used idiomatically.