如何わしい

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S Grade: 2

Etymology[edit]

Alteration from 如何しい (​ikagashii), itself derived from 如何 (ikaga, how; uncertainly) +‎ しい (-shii, adjectivizing suffix).[1]

The sound shift from /ikagaɕiː/ to /ikagawaɕiː/ was probably influenced by the medial /wa/ in roughly synonymous adjective 疑わしい (​utagawashii).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

如何わしい (-i inflection, hiragana いかがわしい, historical hiragana いかがはしい, romaji ikagawashii)

  1. unreliable, doubtful, uncertain
    あのがたのきている (はし)如何 (いかが)わしい
    ano gata no kiteiru hashi wa ikagawashii.
    That rickety bridge is doubtful.
  2. questionable, dubious, suspicious
    • 濃紅葉小倉色紙 (Koi Momiji Ogura no Shikishi), kabuki play; 1816:
       ()やうな ()御諫言申 (ごかんげんもう) ()げられぬは如何 (いかが)はしう (ぞん)じまする…
      kayau na gi o go-kangen mōshiagerarenu wa ikagahashiu zonjimasuru…
      I think it's suspicious that he can't admonish this kind of happening...
  3. indecent, licentious, obscene
    如何 (いかが)わしい意図 (いと)如何 (いかが)わしい (はなし)
    ikagawashii ito, ikagawashii hanashi
    indecent intent, an obscene story
  4. disreputable, dishonest, shady
    如何 (いかが)わしい商売 (しょうばい)
    ikagawashii shōbai
    dishonest dealings, disreputable business

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • 如何わしい implies something that cannot be trusted, or that may be immoral.
  • 疑わしい (​utagawashii) implies something for which the true nature or quality isn't known, but that may be good or may be bad.
  • 怪しい (​ayashii) implies something for which the true nature isn't known, and this uncertainty is a bad thing.
  • 訝しい (​ibukashii) implies something for which the true nature isn't known, and this uncertainty causes one to be curious and want to know more.
  • 胡散臭い (​usankusai) implies something suspicious that draws attention.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3