强国

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Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (强国, reconstructed)
Character (強), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 巨良切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡɨɐŋ/ /gi̯aŋ/ /ɡiaŋ/ /ɡiɐŋ/ /gɨaŋ/ /ɡĭaŋ/ /ɡiɑŋ/
Character (國), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 德
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 古或切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kwək̚/ /kwək̚/ /kuək̚/ /kʷək̚/ /kwək̚/ /kuək̚/ /kuək̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (强国, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qiáng ‹ gjang › /*N-kaŋ/ strong
qiǎng ‹ gjangX › /*m-kaŋʔ/ make an effort
guó ‹ kwok › /*[C.q]ʷˤəәk/ state (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10318 0 /*ɡaŋ/ 彊省聲而非弘聲,通借爲彊
10319 0 /*ɡaŋʔ/ 彊字注或體
5547 0 /*kʷɯːɡ/

Noun[edit]

强国

  1. powerful nation; powerful country; power
  2. (chiefly Hong Kong Cantonese, ironic) People's Republic of China or China

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

强国

  1. to make one's country more powerful

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (強國):