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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 心人一弓 (POMN), X心人一弓 (XPOMN), composition)

  1. anger, wrath, hatred, enmity

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 379, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10407
  • Dae Jaweon: page 707, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2276, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+5FFE

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (忾), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 喜夷切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hiɪ/ /xi/ /xi/ /hi/ /hi/ /xi/ /xjɪ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kài ‹ xj+jH › /*qʰəәp-s/ sigh; angry

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10137 1 /*qʰrɯl/