礼拜

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Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (礼拜, reconstructed)
Character (礼), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 齊
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 盧啓切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/leiX/ /lieiX/ /leiX/ /leiX/ /lɛjX/ /lieiX/ /lɛiX/
Character (拜), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 皆
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 博怪切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɣɛiH/ /păiH/ /pɛiH/ /pɯæiH/ /pəɨjH/ /pɐiH/ /pɐiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (礼拜, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ lejX › /*[r]ˤijʔ/ propriety, ceremony
bài ‹ peajH › /*C.pˤro[t]-s/ bow, bend (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7816 2 /*riːʔ/ 古文禮
222 3 𢷎 /*proːds/

Noun[edit]

礼拜

  1. (religion) service, prayer, salat
  2. (colloquial, regional) week
    • 礼拜 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]yī ge lǐbài [Pinyin] — one week
  3. (colloquial, regional) Sunday, day off

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (禮拜):