Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/dʰugh₂tḗr

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The original meaning is probably "the (potential) suckler, the one that draws milk"; compare Sanskrit दुहे (duhé) / दुग्धे (dugdhe), and the *-tḗr suffix common to other r-stem kinship terms.

Noun[edit]

*dʰugh₂tḗr f

  1. daughter

Declension[edit]

Hysterokinetic inflection.

Comment[edit]

In Germanic and Balto-Slavic the medial laryngeal has been dropped very early, hence *dʰugh₂tḗr > *dʰugtḗr > *dʰuktḗr, whence the attested forms.

Related terms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

  • *dʰugh₂tḗr dyēws (daughter of heaven/Zeus)
    • Vedic Sanskrit: दुहिता दिवः (duhitā́ diváḥ) (RV.1.48.8c; RV.7.81.1b; SV.1.303b; 2.101b; TB.3.1.3.2b.)
    • Homeric Greek: Διὸς θυγάτηρ (dios thugatēr)

Descendants[edit]