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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to dwell, live, reside
  2. to stay, spend the night


  • Anatolian:
    • Hittite: 𒄷𒍑 (ḫu-uš)
    • Luwian: Hieroglyphic: [script needed] (hwisar)
  • Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: գոյ (goy, being, existence; God), գոմ (gom, to exist)
  • Celtic: *woso-
  • Germanic: *wesaną
  • Hellenic:
  • Indo-Iranian: *Hwas-
    • Indo-Aryan:
      • Sanskrit: वसति (vasati, to dwell) (root √vas)
    • Iranian:
      • Avestan: 𐬬𐬀𐬢𐬵 (vaŋh, to dwell, remain)
      • Kurdish: cih / (place), jiyan (life), jîn (to live, to dwell)
      • Ossetian: уат (wat, room, bed)
      • Old Persian: [script needed] (ā-vahana-, place, village)
        • Persian: جا (jā(y), place, location)
      • Parthian: wy'g "place"
      • Sogdian: wy'k "place"
      • Khoresmian: wy'k "house, residence"
  • Italic:
  • Tocharian:
    • West Tocharian: wäs- ("to stay, to wait")


  1. ^ Don Ringe, From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press, 2006