Category:Dutch class 3 strong verbs

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» Dutch language » Lemmas » Verbs » Strong verbs » Class 3 strong verbs

Verbs where the ablaut vowel was followed by a sonorant (m, n, l, r) and another consonant in Proto-Indo-European.[edit]
The third class of Dutch strong verbs is the second largest. There are two subclasses:

/ɪ/ - /ɔ/ - /ɔ/ - /ɔ/, for example klimmen - klom - klommen - geklommen
/ɛ/ - /ɔ/ - /ɔ/ - /ɔ/, for example zenden - zond - zonden - gezonden

The associated nouns of action have frequently preserved the sound /ɑ/: zang, drang, wand

A small group of verbs in this class have received (under the influence of the seventh class) a past tense in -ie- (/i/). These are placed under Dutch non-standard strong verbs.