Menshevik

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Russian меньшевик (menʹševík), derived from меньшинство (menʹšinstvó, minority), formed in turn from Russian меньше (ménʹše), the comparative of малый (mályj, little)[1].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Menshevik (plural Mensheviks or Mensheviki)

  1. (now chiefly historical) A member of the gradualist or moderate wing of the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party during the years preceding the Russian Revolution, when they split with the Bolsheviks; or a member of a later independent moderate-Marxist party formed in 1917. [from 20th c.]
    • 1985, Peter Carey, Illywhacker, Faber and Faber 2003, p. 259:
      ‘Better an ultra-leftist than a Menshevik,’ said Rosa Kaletsky.

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ T.F. Hoad, Concise Dictionary of English Etymology, ISBN 978-0-19-283098-2; headword Menshevik