abusive

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the 1530's. From French abusif, from Latin abūsīvus,[1] from abusus + -ivus (-ive).[2] Equivalent to abuse +‎ -ive.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

abusive (comparative more abusive, superlative most abusive)

  1. Wrongly used; perverted; misapplied; unjust; illegal. [First attested in the mid 16th century.][3]
    • I am ... necessitated to use the word Parliament improperly, according to the abusive acceptation thereof. - Fuller
  2. (archaic) Catachrestic. [First attested in the mid 16th century.][3]
  3. (archaic) Full of abuses; practicing abuse; containing abuse, or serving as the instrument of abuse. [First attested in the late 16th century.][3]
    • 1589, Thomas Nashe, The Anatomy of Absurdity:
      ...to begin in this vacation the foundation of a trifling subject which might shroud in his leaves the abusive enormities of these our times.
  4. Prone to ill treat by coarse, insulting words or by other ill usage; vituperative; reproachful; scurrilous. [First attested in the early 17th century.][3]
    • An abusive lampoon. - Samuel Johnson A dictionary of the English language
  5. (obsolete) Tending to deceive; fraudulent. [Attested only from the early to mid 17th century.][3]
  6. (archaic) Given to misusing; also, full of abuses.
    • The abusive prerogatives of his see. - Hallam
  7. (obsolete) Given to misusing. [Attested only in the mid 17th century.][3]
  8. Being physically injurious; characterized by repeated violence.

Synonyms[edit]

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Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Laurence Urdang (editor), The Random House College Dictionary (Random House, 1984 [1975], ISBN 0-394-43600-8), page 6
  2. ^ Philip Babcock Gove (editor), Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976 [1909], ISBN 0-87779-101-5), page 8
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 10

French[edit]

Adjective[edit]

abusive

  1. feminine form of abusif

Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

abusive

  1. feminine plural of abusivo

Latin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

abūsīve

  1. vocative masculine singular of abūsīvus