catenary

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin catenaria, in turn from Latin catēna (chain). Attested since 1788.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /kəˈtiːn.əɹi/, /kəˈtɛn.æɹi/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈkæt n ˌɛɹ i/
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

catenary (comparative more catenary, superlative most catenary)

  1. Relating to a chain; like a chain.

Noun[edit]

catenary (plural catenaries)

  1. (geometry) The curve described by a flexible chain or a rope if it is supported at each end and is acted upon only by no other forces than a uniform gravitational force due to its own weight.
  2. (nautical) The curve of an anchor cable from the seabed to the vessel; it should be horizontal at the anchor so as to bury the flukes.
  3. A system of overhead power lines that provide trains, trolleys, buses, etc., with electricity, having a straight conductor wire and a bowed suspension cable.

Translations[edit]

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