ergativity

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From ergative +‎ -ity.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɜː(ɹ)ˈɡə.tɪv.ɪ.ti/

Noun[edit]

ergativity (uncountable)

  1. (linguistics) A structuring property of the grammar of certain languages consisting in the differential treatment given to A (the subject of transitive verbs), in contrast to O (the object of transitive verbs) and S (the subject of intransitive verbs), which are treated similarly. This differential treatment may take the form of a special case marker (e.g., an affix or a particle) used with A but not with O or S, or of a specific agreement pattern (e.g., the verb may agree in person and number with A, but not with O and S).

Translations[edit]