guile

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English gile, from Anglo-Norman gile, from Old French guile (deception)[1], from Frankish *wigila (ruse). Cognate via Proto-Germanic with wile.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

guile (countable and uncountable, plural guiles)

  1. (uncountable) Astuteness often marked by a certain sense of cunning or artful deception.
    • 2012 April 24, Phil Dawkes, “Barcelona 2-2 Chelsea”, BBC Sport:
      It was a result that owed a lot to a moment of guile from Ramires but more to a display of guts from the Brazilian and his team-mates after Terry's needless dismissal eight minutes before half-time for driving a knee into the back of Alexis Sanchez off the ball.
    • 2011 November 11, Rory Houston, “Estonia 0-4 Republic of Ireland”, RTE Sport:
      Estonia were struggling to get to grips with the game while Ireland were showing a composure and guile that demonstrated their experience in play-off ties.
  2. Deceptiveness, deceit, fraud, duplicity, dishonesty.
    • 'The Bible - King James Version: John 1:47
      Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and saith of him, Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile!

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

guile (third-person singular simple present guiles, present participle guiling, simple past and past participle guiled)

  1. to deceive, to beguile

Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ T.F. Hoad, Concise Dictionary of English Etymology, ISBN 978-0-19-283098-2; headword guile

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Frankish, see above

Noun[edit]

guile f (oblique plural guiles, nominative singular guile, nominative plural guiles)

  1. trickery; deception

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]