From Middle English thriven, from Old Norse þrífa (“to seize, grasp, take hold, prosper”) (strong preterite þreif; medio-passive þrífask (mod. Icelandic þrífast)), from Proto-Germanic *þrībaną (“to seize, prosper”), from Proto-Indo-European *trep-, *terp- (“to satisfy, enjoy”).
- Rhymes: -aɪv
- To grow or increase stature; to grow vigorously or luxuriantly, to flourish.
- 1819 (though spoken by a character in the 12-century): “It seems to me, reverend father,” said the knight, “that the small morsels which you eat, together with this holy, but somewhat thin beverage, have thriven with you marvellously.” — Walter Scott, Ivanhoe
- To increase in wealth or success; to prosper, be profitable.
- Since expanding in June, the business has really thrived.
2012 April 29, Nathan Rabin, “TV: Review: THE SIMPSONS (CLASSIC): “Treehouse of Horror III” (season 4, episode 5; originally aired 10/29/1992)”:
- Though they obviously realized that these episodes were part of something wonderful and important and lasting, the writers and producers couldn’t have imagined that 20 years later “Treehouse Of Horror” wouldn’t just survive; it’d thrive as one of the most talked-about and watched episodes of every season of The Simpsons.
- See also Wikisaurus:prosper
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