Though wickiups were built by many Native American peoples, the word apparently comes from a form like wiikiyaapi or wikiyapy meaning "lodge" or "house" in Fox, or wickiop (“house”) in Menominee. Wickiup-like structures can found throghout the Southwestern United States, and terms similar to wickiupare present "among Native Americans in Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, Idaho, and California".
Alternatively, the term may be a variant of wikiwam (“wigwam”).
wickiup (plural wickiups)
- A domed hut, similar to a wigwam, used by some semi-nomadic Native American tribes, particularly in the southwestern and western United States.
- 1992: At that time there were still indians camped on the western plains and late in the day he passed in his riding a scattered group of their wickiups propped upon that scoured and trembling waste. — Cormac McCarthy, All the Pretty Horses
- other traditional Native American dwellings:
- hogan (used by the Navajo in the southwestern United States)
- igloo (used by the Inuit, made of snow)
- teepee (used in the Great Plains)
- tupik (used by the Inuit during the summer)
- wetu (used by the Wampanoag in the northeastern United States)
- wickiup (used in the southwestern and western United States)
- wigwam (used in the northeastern United States)
- "Wickiup", MSN Encarta, 22 April 2007 ()
- ^ "wickiup", The World in So Many Words (Houghton Mifflin Company, 1999) via Answers.com (23 April 2007; )
- Andrew Delahunty, From Bonbon to Cha-cha: Oxford Dictionary of Foreign Words and Phrases (2008)
- ^ "wickiup", The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition (Columbia University Press, 2003) via Answers.com (23 April 2007, )