ísel

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See also: isel

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *ɸīsselos, from *ɸīssu (under), from Proto-Indo-European *pedsú, locative plural of *pṓds (foot). Cognate with Welsh isel.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ísel (comparative ísliu, superlative íslem)

  1. low
  2. lowly
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 25c5
      Foillsigthir as n‑ísel in doínacht íar n‑aicniud húare as in deacht foda·raithmine⟨dar⟩ ⁊ noda·fortachtaigedar.
      It is made clear that the humanity is lowly according to nature because it is the Godhead that remembers it and helps it

Inflection[edit]

o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative ísel ísel ísel
Vocative ísil*
ísel**
Accusative ísel ísil
Genitive ísil ísle ísil
Dative ísiul ísil ísiul
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative ísil íslea
Vocative ísliu
íslea
Accusative ísliu
íslea
Genitive ísel
Dative íslib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: íseal
  • Manx: ishil
  • Scottish Gaelic: ìosal

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ísel unchanged n-ísel
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.