Θῆβαι

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • Greek Θῆβαι: from Ionic-Attic Θήβη (Thḗbē), from Mycenean teqa (t-e-q-a), from Proto-Hellenic *Thēgʷā.
  • Egyptian Θῆβαι: from Demotic Egyptian Ta-pe (name of the Karnak Temple), for formal Egyptian Ta-opet.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /tʰɛ̂ː.bai̯/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈtʰe.bɛ/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈθi.βɛ/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈθi.ve/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈθi.ve/
  • Proper noun[edit]

    Θῆβαι (Thêbaif pl (genitive Θηβῶν); first declension

    1. Thebes, the name of a city in Boeotia and the name of another city in Egypt
      • Homer, Iliad 6.222-223
        Τυδέα δ᾽ οὐ μέμνημαι, ἐπεί μ᾽ ἔτι τυτθὸν ἐόντα / κάλλιφ᾽, ὅτ᾽ ἐν Θήβῃσιν ἀπώλετο λαὸς Ἀχαιῶν.
        Tudéa d᾽ ou mémnēmai, epeí m᾽ éti tutthòn eónta / kálliph᾽, hót᾽ en Thḗbēisin apṓleto laòs Akhaiôn.
        • 1990 translation by Robert Fagles
          My father, Tydeus, I really don't remember. I was just a baby when father left me then, that time an Achaean army went to die at Thebes.

    Inflection[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    • Θῆβαι in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
    • Θῆβαι in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
    • Θῆβαι in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
    • Θῆβαι in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
    • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited, page 1,027

    Further reading[edit]