Φοῖνιξ

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See also: φοῖνιξ

Ancient Greek[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

The ethnonym is homophonous with φοῖνιξ (phoînix), the Greek name of Tyrian purple. There has been some debate as to whether the ethnonym was derived from the name of the dye or vice versa. While it seems in any case likely that both are influenced by the genuinely Greek adjective φοινός (phoinós, blood-red), the ethnonym goes is recorded already in Mycenean as 𐀡𐀛𐀑𐀍 (po-ni-ki-jo), and is apparently a borrowing from Egyptian fnḫw (fenkhu), a term for "Asiatics, Semites".

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

Φοῖνῐξ (Phoînixm, f (genitive Φοίνῑκος); third declension

  1. Phoenician
  2. Carthaginian (as descendants of Phoenicia)

Proper noun[edit]

Φοῖνῐξ (Phoînixm (genitive Φοίνῑκος); third declension

  1. Phoenix, a city on the Mediterranean Sea.

Inflection[edit]

  • Inflection is the same for both noun and proper noun.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]