Φοῖνιξ

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: φοῖνιξ

Ancient Greek[edit]

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English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

The ethnonym is homophonous with φοῖνιξ (phoînix), the Greek name of Tyrian purple. There has been some debate as to whether the ethnonym was derived from the name of the dye or vice versa. The ethnonym is found in use in ancient Mycenaean as 𐀡𐀛𐀑𐀍 (po-ni-ki-jo). One theory is that is derived from the genuinely Greek adjective φοινός (phoinós, blood-red). Another theory is that is borrowed from Egyptian fnḫw (fenkhu), probably their plural term for "woodcutters" or "carpenters", which would refer to the peoples of the land of Canaan in the region of the Levant to the north, who supplied Egypt with the cedar wood cut from their forests, although there is no evidence that the Egyptians referred to the Phoenicians by this name.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

Φοῖνῐξ (Phoînixm or f (genitive Φοίνῑκος); third declension

  1. Phoenician
  2. Carthaginian (as descendants of Phoenicia)

Proper noun[edit]

Φοῖνῐξ (Phoînixm (genitive Φοίνῑκος); third declension

  1. Phoenix, a city on the Mediterranean Sea.

Inflection[edit]

  • Inflection is the same for both noun and proper noun.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Greek: Φοίνιξ (Foínix)
  • Latin: Phoenīx

Further reading[edit]