δυστυχία

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From δῠσ- (dus-, bad) +‎ τῠ́χη (túkhē, fortune, fate) +‎ -ῐ́ᾱ (-íā, feminine abstract substantive).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /dys.ty.kʰí.aː/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /dys.tyˈkʰi.a/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ðys.tyˈxi.a/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ðys.tyˈçi.a/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ðis.tiˈçi.a/
  • Noun[edit]

    δῠστῠχῐ́ᾱ (dustukhíāf (genitive δῠστῠχῐ́ᾱς); first declension

    1. misfortune; ill luck
      • 460 BCE – 395 BCE, Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War 7.LXXXVI
        καὶ ὁ μὲν τοιαύτῃ ἢ ὅτι ἐγγύτατα τούτων αἰτίᾳ ἐτεθνήκει, ἥκιστα δὴ ἄξιος ὢν τῶν γε ἐπ' ἐμοῦ Ἑλλήνων ἐς τοῦτο δυστυχίας ἀφικέσθαι διὰ τὴν πᾶσαν ἐς ἀρετὴν νενομισμένην ἐπιτήδευσιν.
        kaì ho mèn toiaútēi ḕ hóti engútata toútōn aitíāi etethnḗkei, hḗkista dḕ áxios ṑn tôn ge ep' emoû Hellḗnōn es toûto dustukhías aphikésthai dià tḕn pâsan es aretḕn nenomisménēn epitḗdeusin.
        • 1874 translation by Richard Crawley
          This or the like was the cause of the death of a man who, of all the Hellenes in my time, least deserved such a fate, seeing that the whole course of his life had been regulated with strict attention to virtue.

    Inflection[edit]

    References[edit]


    Greek[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From the Ancient Greek δυστυχία f (dustukhía, misfortune).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • IPA(key): [ðistiˈçia]
    • Hyphenation: δυ‧στυ‧χί‧α

    Noun[edit]

    δυστυχία (dystychíaf (plural δυστυχίες)

    1. misfortune; an undesirable event
    2. (uncountable) unhappiness

    Declension[edit]

    Antonyms[edit]

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