σφήξ

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Generally considered to be from Proto-Indo-European *bʰey- (bee)[1]. Beekes rejects this in favor of a Pre-Greek origin possibly shared with ψήν (psḗn, gall-insect). Or, possible connection with σφάκελος (sphákelos, necrosis, spasm, convulsion), referring to the sting, though the sense remains uncertain.[2]

Compare Latin fūcus (drone, bee).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

σφήξ (sphḗxm (genitive σφηκός); third declension

  1. wasp

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Greek: σφήκα (sfíka)
  • Translingual (genus name): Sphex
  • English: sphex

References[edit]

  • σφήξ in Liddell & Scott, A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1940
  • σφήξ in Bailly, Anatole, Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette, 1935
  • σφήξ in Cunliffe, Richard J., A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1924, published 1963
  • Woodhouse, S. C., English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited, 1910.
    • wasp idem, page 964.
  • Edward Ross Wharton (1890) Etyma Graeca: an etymological lexicon of classical Greek, New York: Rivingtons
  1. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press, 2006
  2. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P., Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2010, →ISBN