անիւ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Proto-Indo-European *h₃nēbʰ-, from *h₃nebʰ- (navel, nave), with a semantic shift “navel” → “wheel”, as if “furnished with a nave”.

Noun[edit]

անիւ (aniw)

  1. wheel
    անիւ մեքենայիaniw mekʿenayiwheel of a machine
    անիւ յեսանիaniw yesanigrindstone
    անիւ խորտկացaniw xortkacʿjack
    անիւ տղայոցaniw tłayocʿgig
    անիւ առաջակողման նաւինaniw aṙaǰakołman nawincapstern, capstan
  2. axle of a chariot
  3. wheel (torture instrument)
  4. sun

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “անիւ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “անիւ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “անիւ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “aniw”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 89