արտորալ

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Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Armenian արտորալ (artoral).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

արտորալ (artoral)

  1. (intransitive) to hurry, to make haste

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • արտորալ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, volume I, page 344a

Middle Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ačaṙyan leaves the origin open.

Ałayan derives with prothetic ա- (a-) and regular metathesis from Proto-Indo-European *drā-, from the root *der- (to run), +‎ -որ (-or); compare Sanskrit द्राति (drāti, to run, to make haste), Ancient Greek δρᾱπετεύω (drāpeteúō, to run away), ἀπ-έδραν (ap-édran, ran away), Old High German zittarōm (tremble). This is accepted by J̌ahukyan with reservation. See Pokorny for more on this root.

Noun[edit]

արտորալ (artoral)

  1. (intransitive) to hurry, to make haste
    • 13th century, Girkʿ Vastakocʿ [Geoponica] 203
      Եւ թէ արտորաս՝ նա տարի ընդ մեջ
    • 12–13th century, Vardan Aygekcʿi, Žołovacʿoykʿ aṙakacʿ Vardanay [Collection of Fables of Vardan] 185
      մի՛ արտորաք
    • 13th century, Bžškaran jioy ew aṙhasarak grastnoy [Medical Book on Horses and Pack Animals in General] 48
      Վասն այս, որ պատեհ չէ արտորալ եւ խօսք կտրել ի վրայ ձիոյ, թէ աղէկ է, թէ պիղծ
    • 1466 CE – 1469 CE, Amirdovlatʿ Amasiacʿi, Ogut bžškutʿean [The Benefits of Medicine] 72
      Եւ աղէկ հարցանէ եւ իմանայ․ եւ չարտորայ որ վնաս չառնէ

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • արտորալ in Ṙuben Łazaryan, Henrik Avetisyan (2009), Miǰin hayereni baṙaran [Dictionary of Middle Armenian] (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, page 94b
  • արտորալ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, volume I, page 344a
  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, volume I, page 204
  • Ēduard Ałayan (1974), Baṙakʿnnakan ew stugabanakan hetazotutʿyunner [Lexicological and Etymological Studies], Yerevan: Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR, pages 34–35
  • արտորալ in Geworg J̌ahukyan (ed. by Vahan Sargsyan) (2010), Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary], Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5, page 97a