ես

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Armenian ես(es).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • յես(yes) (reformed orthography spelling in 1922–1940)

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ես (es)

  1. (personal) I
    Ես ունեմ մեծ տուն։‎ ― Es unem mec tun.I have a big house.
Declension[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Armenian ես(es).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • յես(yes) (reformed orthography spelling in 1922–1940) (following a vowel)

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ես (es)

  1. second-person singular present of եմ(em)
    Դու հայ ես։‎ ― Du hay es.You are Armenian.
    Դու հայ չես։‎ ― Du hay čʿes.You are not an Armenian.
    Դու գիրքը կարդալու ես։‎ ― Du girkʿə kardalu es.You will read the book.

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂.

Pronoun[edit]

ես (es)

  1. (personal) I
    ես ինքն‎ ― es inkʿnmyself
    ահաւասիկ ես‎ ― ahawasik eshere I am, here am I
    ես եմ‎ ― es emit is I
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Armenian: ես(es)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁éssi, second-person singular present indicative of *h₁ésti.

Verb[edit]

ես (es)

  1. second-person singular present active indicative of եմ(em)

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ես”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “ես”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “ես”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 255