ես

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Armenian ես(es); see below.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • յես(yes) (reformed orthography spelling in 1922–1940)

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ես ‎(es)

  1. (personal) I
    Ես ունեմ մեծ տուն։‎ ― Es unem mec tun.I have a big house.
Declension[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Armenian ես(es).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • յես(yes) (reformed orthography spelling in 1922–1940) (following a vowel)

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ես ‎(es)

  1. second-person singular present indicative of լինել(linel) "(you) are"
    Դու հայ ես։
    Du hay es.
    You are Armenian.
    Դու հայ չես։
    Du hay čʿes.
    You are not Armenian.
    Դու գիրքը կարդալու ես։
    Du girkʿə kardalu es.
    You will read the book.

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂.

Pronoun[edit]

ես ‎(es)

  1. (personal) I
    ես ինքն‎ ― es inkʿn ― myself
    ահաւասիկ ես‎ ― ahawasik es ― here I am, here am I
    ես եմ‎ ― es em ― it is I
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Armenian: ես(es)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁éssi, from *h₁és-.

Verb[edit]

ես ‎(es)

  1. second-person singular present active indicative of եմ(em)

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ես”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “ես”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “ես”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 255