բալախ

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Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Armenian բալախ (balax), from Old Armenian բալախ (balax).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

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բալախ (balax)

  1. glasswort (Salicornia), especially common glasswort (Salicornia europaea)
    Synonyms: ասփուշ (aspʿuš), մոմիկ (momik), աղաբույս (ałabuys)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1913) , “բալախ”, in Hayerēn gawaṙakan baṙaran [Armenian Provincial Dictionary] (Ēminean azgagrakan žołovacu; 9) (in Armenian), Tiflis: Lazarev Institute of Oriental Languages, pages 164b, 1061a
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971) , “բալախ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 387–388
  • Ališan, Łewond (1895) , “բալախ”, in Haybusak kam haykakan busabaṙutʿiwn [Armenian Botany] (in Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, § 278, pages 74–75
  • Amatuni, Sahak (1912) , “փալախ”, in Hayocʿ baṙ u ban [Armenian Words and Idioms] (in Armenian), Vagharshapat: Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin, pages 647a
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836) , “բալախ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), volume I, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 423b
  • Ayvazyan H. M. et al., editors (2006) , “բալախ”, in Hayastani bnašxarh [Nature of Armenia] (Əntanekan hanragitaran matenašar; 3) (in Armenian), Yerevan: Armenian Encyclopaedia, page 215a
  • Caturyan, Tʿ. G. (1970) , “Salicornia”, in Astvacatryan Z. A., editor, Buyseri anunneri latineren-hayeren-ṙuseren baṙaran [Latin–Armenian–Russian Dictionary of Plant Names], 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, § 1074, page 101
  • Łazaryan, Ṙ. S. (1981) , “բալախ”, in Busanunneri hayeren-latineren-ṙuseren-angleren-franseren-germaneren baṙaran [Armenian–Latin–Russian–English–French–German Dictionary of Plant Names], Yerevan: University Press, § 130, page 15b
  • Ṙewazova, L. V.; Musayelyan, M. S. (1997) , “Salicornia europaea”, in Gabrielyan Ē. Cʿ., editor, Dełatu buyseri anunneri latineren-ṙuseren-hayeren baṙaran [Latin–Russian–Armenian Dictionary of Medicinal Plant Names], Yerevan: Yerevan State Medical University, § 817, page 97b
  • Sargsyan, Artem et al., editors (2010) , “փալախոտ”, in Hayocʿ lezvi barbaṙayin baṙaran [Dialectal Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), volume VI, Yerevan: Hayastan, page 332

Middle Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian բալախ (balax).

Noun[edit]

բալախ (balax)

  1. common glasswort (Salicornia europaea)
    • 1478 – 1492, Amirdovlatʿ Amasiacʿi, Angitacʿ anpēt [Useless for Ignoramuses] :
      Բալախ· որ է օշնան․ եւ յիշած է ի վերայ այբին իւր համարն, Աստուծով։
      Balax· or ē ōšnan; ew yišac ē i veray aybin iwr hamarn, Astucov.
      Balax — which is the ōšnan; it is mentioned under its number at [the letter] ayb, with God.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: բալախ (balax)

Further reading[edit]

  • Ališan, Łewond (1895) , “բալախ”, in Haybusak kam haykakan busabaṙutʿiwn [Armenian Botany] (in Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, § 278, pages 74–75
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971) , “բալախ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 387–388
  • Vardanjan, Stella (1990) Amirdovlat Amasiaci, Nenužnoje dlja neučej (in Russian), Moscow: Nauka, pages 87, 593

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

The origin is uncertain. Ačaṙyan derived from Georgian ბალახი (balaxi, grass), and this is usually followed by later Armenian sources. On the other hand, Klimov / Xalilov derive the Georgian word itself from Armenian.

Noun[edit]

բալախ (balax)

  1. common glasswort (Salicornia europaea)
    • Varkʿ srbocʿ harancʾ [Paterica] II.540:
      Ոչխարն առնու ճարակ ի խոտոյ անտի զբարիոք դալարիս, ապա եւ ճարակի զբալախ անապատի․ եւ յորժամ խոստանայ ի փշոց անտի, որոճայ զդալարին եւ քաղցրանայ բերան իւր, եւ դադարէ թոյնք փշոցն։
      Očʿxarn aṙnu čarak i xotoy anti zbariokʿ dalaris, apa ew čaraki zbalax anapati; ew yoržam xostanay i pʿšocʿ anti, oročay zdalarin ew kʿałcʿranay beran iwr, ew dadarē tʿoynkʿ pʿšocʿn.
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971) , “բալախ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 387–388
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836) , “բալախ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), volume I, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 423b
  • Bläsing, Uwe (1992) Armenisches Lehngut im Türkeitürkischen am Beispiel von Hemşin (Dutch Studies in Armenian Language and Literature; 2) (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, § 101, pages 64–65
  • Dankoff, Robert (1995) Armenian Loanwords in Turkish (Turcologica; 21), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, § 41, page 24
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010) , “բալախ²”, in Vahan Sargsyan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, page 112
  • Klimov, G. A.; Xalilov, M. Š. (2003) Slovarʹ kavkazskix jazykov. Sopostavlenije osnovnoj leksiki [Dictionary of Caucasian Languages. A comparison of the Basic Vocabulary] (in Russian), Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, →ISBN, pages 218, 221
  • Łazarean, Ṙ. S. (2000) , “բալախ²”, in Tʿosunean G. B., editor, Grabari baṙaran [Dictionary of Old Armenian] (in Armenian), volume I, Yerevan: University Press, page 251a

Etymology 2[edit]

The origin is unknown.[1][2] Compare dialectal Azerbaijani palax, yeryapalağı (short).

Adjective[edit]

բալախ (balax)

  1. worthless, light, contemptible
    Synonym: սնոտի (snoti)
    • 5th century, Ephrem the Syrian, Meknutʿiwn Awetarani hamabarbaṙ , (1836 edition, page 93):
      Զոր օրինակ ոչ էր նա եղէգն բալախ, և ոչ հանդերձ փափկութան զգեցեալ էր։
      Zor ōrinak očʿ ēr na ełēgn balax, ew očʿ handerj pʿapʿkutʿan zgecʿeal ēr.
Usage notes[edit]

In the only attested passages the adjective refers to bread (alluding to Numbers 21:5 in the Bible) and to a reed.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971) , “բալախ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 387ab
  2. ^ J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010) , “բալախ”, in Vahan Sargsyan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, page 112b